The Royal Forums Coat of Arms

Go Back   The Royal Forums > Reigning Houses > Royal Family of Spain > Spanish Royal History

Join The Royal Forums Today
Reply
 
Thread Tools Search this Thread Display Modes
 
  #1  
Old 02-21-2008, 08:26 AM
Marengo's Avatar
Administrator
Royal Blogger, TRF Author
 
Join Date: Aug 2004
Location: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Posts: 14,251
King Jaime I 'The Conqueror' of Aragon and Wives (Queen Leonor and Queen Yolanda)

Jaime I 'The Conquerer', King of Aragon, Count of Barcelona and Lord of Montpellier (Montpellier, 2 February 1208 – 27 July 1276); married 1stly in Soria on 6 June 1221 Princess Leonor of Castile, annulled in 1229 (1202 - Burgos 1244); married 2ndly in Barcelona on 8 September 1235 Princess Yolanda (Violante) of Hungary (Esztergom, ? 1216 – Huesca, 9 October 1253)

Reign: 1213 -1276

Dynasty: Barcelona

Predecessor: King Pedro II of Aragon

Succeeded by: King Pedro III of Aragon

Son Jaime & Leonor: Prince Alfonso of Aragon

Children Jaime & Yolanda: Queen Violante of Castile; Princess Constanca of Castile, Lady of Villena; King Pedro III of Aragon; King Jaime II of Mallorca, Lord of Montpellier; Prince Ferdinand; Princess Sancha of Aragon; Queen Isabel of France; Princess Maria of Aragon; Prince Sancho of Aragon, Archbisshop of Toledo and Princess Leonor of Aragon

Parents Jaime: King Pedro II of Aragon and Maria, heiress of Montpellier

Parents Leonor: King Alfonso VIII of Castile and Princess Eleonora of England

Parents Yolanda: King Andras II of Hungary and Violant of Courtenay, Princess of Constantinople

Sister Jaime: Princess Sancha of Aragon

Siblings Leonor: Queen Berengaria of Leon; Prince Sancho, Princess Sancha and Prince Enrique of Castile; Queen Urraca of Portugal; Queen Blanche of France; Prince Fernando, Prince Mafalda and Princess Constanca of Castile; Princess Constance of Castile, Abess of Las Huelgas and King Enrique I of Castile

Half Siblings Yolanda: Tsarina Maria of Bulgaria; King Bela IV of Hungary; Landgravine Elizabeth of Thuringia (Saint Elizabeth); King Coloman king of Halych-Volhynia, Duke of Slavonia; King Andras of Halych-Volhynia; Queen Constance of Bohemia and Duke István of Slavonia
__________________

__________________
TRF Rules and FAQ
Reply With Quote
  #2  
Old 02-27-2008, 12:05 PM
Marengo's Avatar
Administrator
Royal Blogger, TRF Author
 
Join Date: Aug 2004
Location: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Posts: 14,251
James I the Conqueror (Catalan: Jaume el Conqueridor, Aragonese: Chaime lo Conqueridor, Spanish: Jaime el Conquistador, Occitan: Jacme lo Conquistaire; 2 February 1208 – 27 July 1276) was the King of Aragon, Count of Barcelona, and Lord of Montpellier from 1213 to 1276. His long reign saw the expansion of the Crown of Aragon on all sides: into Valencia to the south, Languedoc to the north, and the Balearic Islands to the east. By a treaty with Louis IX of France, he wrested the Principality of Catalonia from nominal French suzerainty and integrated it into his crown. His part in the Reconquista was similar in Mediterranean Spain to that of his contemporary Ferdinand III of Castile in Andalusia.
As a legislator and organiser, he occupies a high place among the Spanish kings. James compiled the Libre del Consulat de Mar, which governed maritime trade and helped establish Catalan supremacy in the western Mediterranean. He made Catalan the official language of his domains and sponsored Catalan literature, even a quasi-autobiographical chronicle of his reign: the Llibre dels fets.

James was born at Montpellier as the only son of Peter II and Mary, heiress of William VIII of Montpellier and Eudokia Komnene. As a child, James was a pawn in the power politics of Provence, where his father was engaged in struggles helping the Cathar heretics of Albi against the Albigensian Crusaders led by Simon IV de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, who were trying to exterminate them. Peter endeavoured to placate the northern crusaders by arranging a marriage between his son James and Simon's daughter. He entrusted the boy to be educated in Montfort's care in 1211, but was soon forced to take up arms against him, dying at the Battle of Muret on 12 September1213. Montfort would willingly have used James as a means of extending his own power had not the Aragonese and Catalans appealed to Pope Innocent III, who insisted that Montfort surrender him. James was handed over, at Carcassonne, in May or June 1214, to the papal legate Peter of Benevento.
James was then sent to Monzón, where he was entrusted to the care of William of Montredon, the head of the Knights Templar in Spain and Provence; the regency meanwhile fell to his great uncle Sancho, Count of Roussillon, and his son, the king's cousin, Nuño. The kingdom was given over to confusion until, in 1217, the Templars and some of the more loyal nobles brought the young king to Zaragoza.
In 1221, he was married to Eleanor, daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Leonora of England. The next six years of his reign were full of rebellions on the part of the nobles. By the Peace of Alcalá of 31 March 1227, the nobles and the king came to terms.

Read the entire wikipedia article here.
__________________

__________________
TRF Rules and FAQ
Reply With Quote
  #3  
Old 02-27-2008, 12:06 PM
Marengo's Avatar
Administrator
Royal Blogger, TRF Author
 
Join Date: Aug 2004
Location: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Posts: 14,251
Violant of Hungary (Kingdom of Hungary, c. 1216 – 1253) was Queen consort of James I of Aragon. She is also called Jolánta in Hungarian, Yolanda or Violante de Hungría in Spanish and Iolanda or Violant d'Hongria in Catalan. Violant was a daughter of Andrew II of Hungary and Violant of Courtenay.

Read the entire wikipedia article here.
__________________
TRF Rules and FAQ
Reply With Quote
Reply


Currently Active Users Viewing This Thread: 1 (0 members and 1 guests)
 
Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are Off
Pingbacks are Off
Refbacks are Off


Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
King Pedro I of Aragon & Navarre and Wives (Queen Inéz and Queen Berta) Marengo Spanish Royal History 1 04-26-2008 06:06 PM
King Alfonso IV 'The Kind' of Aragon and Wives (Queen Teresa and Queen Leonor) Marengo Spanish Royal History 1 02-23-2008 02:07 PM
King Juan I of Aragon and Wives (Queen Martha and Queen Violante/Yolande) Marengo Spanish Royal History 1 02-22-2008 11:03 AM
King Martin I of Aragon and Wives (Queen Maria de Luna and Queen Maragarita) Marengo Spanish Royal History 2 02-22-2008 06:27 AM
King Juan I of Castile and Wives (Queen Leonor and Queen Beatriz) Marengo Spanish Royal History 3 02-22-2008 06:01 AM




Additional Links
Popular Tags
birth charlene chris o'neill crown prince frederik crown prince haakon crown princess letizia crown princess mary crown princess mette-marit crown princess victoria current events diana dutch royal history engagement fashion genealogy grand duchess maria teresa grand duke henri habsburg hohenzollern infanta sofia jordan king abdullah ii king carl xvi gustav king felipe king felipe vi king harald king juan carlos king philippe king willem-alexander luxembourg olympics ottoman pom pregnancy prince albert prince albert ii prince carl philip prince constantijn prince felipe prince felix prince floris prince pieter-christiaan princess princess alexia (2005 -) princess anita princess ariane princess beatrix princess catharina-amalia princess charlene princess laurentien princess letizia princess mabel princess madeleine princess margriet princess mary princess of asturias queen letizia queen mathilde queen maxima queen paola queen rania queen silvia queen sofia royal russia sofia hellqvist spain state visit wedding william



All times are GMT -4. The time now is 04:20 AM.

Social Knowledge Networks

eXTReMe Tracker
Powered by vBulletin
Copyright ©2000 - 2014
Jelsoft Enterprises

Royal News Delivered to your Email!

You can get the latest Royal News right in your inbox.

unsusbcribe at anytime with one click

Close [X]