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Old 02-05-2014, 05:38 PM
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The Wilton Diptych (about 1395) is the first royal portrait painting commissioned by an English king. Richard II is pictured kneeling in veneration of the Madonna alongside John the Baptist and two English kings. The kings are Edmund the Martyr and Edward the Confessor.

The Wilton Diptych is in the Sainsbury Wing of the National Gallery in London, England.
The blue of the Madonna is exquisite!!
One of the indictments against Richard II concerning his deposition was:
He imposed very heavy burdens of taxation on his subjects in nearly every year of his reign, to their great impoverishment, and used the income thus obtained, not for the benefit of the realm of England, but for his own ostentation, pomp and vainglory.
One of the indictments against Richard II concerning his deposition was:
Contrary to his coronation oath he had denied justice to Henry duke of Lancaster.
When King Richard II reached his majority in 1389, he was able to assume direct rule and choose his own advisors.
Richard II was responsible for the introduction of the handkerchief.
Richard II kept his face clean-shaven when it was conventional for men to wear a beard.
Richard II developed elaborations on court protocol. He insisted on new forms of address such as "Your Highness" and "Your Majesty".

On August 21, 1392, Richard II and Queen Anne crossed London Bridge from Southwark to receive the keys of the city of London from the mayor. This was the first time that such a ceremony was performed.

Richard II's second wife Isabelle de Valois was presented with two crowns after her marriage in 1396. One crown was decorated with jewels, pearls, and white daises.

In 1385 Richard II led a military campaign into Scotland.
It was the only military campaign of his reign.
Richard II was impressed by French culture and customs.
He installed French cooks in his kitchens.

King Richard II tried unsuccessfully to secure his election as Holy Roman Emperor.
Petitioners, even the Archbishop of Canterbury, were made to grovel before him on their knees.

Richard would sit on his throne for hours at a time in silence, with the whole court gathered around him.
If his gaze rested upon anyone, that individual had to make obeisance to King Richard.
King Richard II was a patron of the poets Geoffrey Chaucer and John Gower.
Richard II was a patron of the chronicler Jean Froissart.
In Queens Consort, Lisa Hilton wrote:

Initially the discussion of Anne of Bohemia's dowry had been diplomatically postponed, but it was soon obvious that her brother Wenzel simply could not afford one. Nevertheless, the marriage was considered sufficiently important for Richard to effectively buy Anne from her brother for 'loans' totalling 15,000 pounds.
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Old 02-06-2014, 08:20 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by CyrilVladisla View Post
The Wilton Diptych (about 1395) is the first royal portrait painting commissioned by an English king. Richard II is pictured kneeling in veneration of the Madonna alongside John the Baptist and two English kings. The kings are Edmund the Martyr and Edward the Confessor.
Its a wonder that this portrait survived the Reformation & the Puritans but it now hangs in the National Gallery I believe!

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