The Royal Forums Coat of Arms


Join The Royal Forums Today
Reply
 
Thread Tools Search this Thread Display Modes
 
  #41  
Old 06-21-2009, 01:42 PM
susan alicia's Avatar
Heir Presumptive
 
Join Date: Nov 2003
Location: , Netherlands
Posts: 2,528
Arthur I, Duke of Brittany - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
__________________

__________________
Reply With Quote
  #42  
Old 06-22-2009, 02:45 AM
Marsel's Avatar
Courtier
 
Join Date: May 2009
Location: Moscow, Russia
Posts: 966
The History of Roman Empire is so rich with murders that it is just difficult to choose where to start. I still haven't managed to put together a satisfactory list of all major Royals killed during the Roman Empire. Meanwhile, here is the list of murdered Roman Empresses and of Roman Emperors, murdered by the Praetorian Guard (directly or indirectly).


Assassinated Roman Empresses


Julia Agrippina (Agrippina Minor or Agrippina the Younger) - murdered by her son, Emperor Nero (not on the first attempt, mind you - he tried to sink, stab, poison and crash her, and when none worked, he ordered her execution - and had the nerve to maintain it was a suicide).

Milonia Caesonia (4th and final wife of Emperor Caligula) - after Caligula's murder, the assassins went for his wife and infant daughter, Julia Drusilla. Upon learning of her husband's death, Caesonia exposed her bare neck to the assassins and willingly succumbed to death.

Claudia Octavia (first wife of Emperor Nero) - Nero tried to strangle her on several occasions but she survived. He then banished her. Her banishment was so unpopular with the Roman citizens, however, that he almost called her back. Nero's mistress Poppaea (who would later become his 2nd wife), convinced him to murder her instead. Octavia's veins were opened in a traditional Roman suicide ritual, however the poor woman was so frightened that the flow of blood was retarded. She was then suffocated in a hot vapour bath.

Fausta (wife of Constantine I) - she was suffocated in an over-heated bath. Exact reasons are not known, for Constantine always showed great respect for her. Since her death followed of Crispus (Constantine's eldest son by Minervina), most scholars tie their fates. It is believed that Fausta accused Crispus of rape (or attempted rape), for which he was executed, but the story was proved false later. Constantine ordered Fausta's damnatio memoriae (damnation of memory). When her own son became Emperor, he didn't revoke the order, which suggests that she got what she deserved.

Bruttia Crispina – the wife of Emperor Commodus (the one who loved fighting as a gladiator and is supposed to be the Emperor Commodus from the "Gladiator", played by Joaquin Phoenix), was executed, while pregnant on her husband's orders, accused of adultery and/or treason.

Galeria Valeria – She was the daughter of Emperor Diocletian and wife of his co-emperor Galerius. After Galerius’s death, she fled from the new Emperor Licinius and sought sanctuary from Maximinus Daia, whose daughter was engaged to Candidianus, her adoptive son (Valeria had no children of her own, so she adopted her husband's illegitimate children). Maximinus, however was ambitious and sought marriage with her, an offer she refused. She was arrested and her properties confiscated. Emperor Licinius ordered capital punishment for Valeria and she tried to hide in Greece but with no success; she was captured by the mob, beheaded and her body was thrown in the sea.


Poppaea Sabina (second wife of Emperor Nero) - she was either killed by Nero (poisoned or hit severely in the abdomen while pregnant), or died a natural death after childbirth complications. Sabina was not very loved (and given her personality, it is hardly surprising), and neither was Nero (not surprising either), so it is very possible that her death is simply attributed to him, without sufficient proves. He did go into deep mourning after her death, gave her state funeral and divine honours.

.
__________________

__________________
Audentes fortuna iuvat - Fortune favours the bold *** ... ***Amore, more, ore, re - Love, behaviour, words, actions *** ... ***Aquila non capit muscas - An eagle does not hunt flies
Reply With Quote
  #43  
Old 06-22-2009, 03:07 AM
Marsel's Avatar
Courtier
 
Join Date: May 2009
Location: Moscow, Russia
Posts: 966
Emperors, Murdered by the Praetorian Guard


Caligula - stabbed to death by the Praetorian Guard. They later killed his wife Caesonia (details are given in the previous posts) and his infant daughter (smashing her head against a wall) for good measure.
His death is very similar to that of Julius Caesar. Both were stabbed 30 times by conspirators, both assassination were led by a man named Cassius (Cassius Longinus and Cassius Chaerea).

Galba - Praetorians, discontented by some of Galba's policies, adopted Salvius Otho as their Emperor. Although physically very weak at the time, Galba set out to meet the rebels. He was stabbed to death by the Praetorians; when he saw they want to murder him, he reportedly exposed his neck, saying "Strike, if it be for the good of the Romans". So many people wanted to win Salvius Otho's favour, that more than 120 people claimed the credit for killing Galba. When Vitellius became Emperor, he acquired the list of names of those 120 and every one of them were executed.

Vitellius – Vespasian started a rebellion against the hugely unpopular Vitellius, who agreed to abdicate. However, the Praetorian Guards forced him to return to the palace, when he was on his way to deposit the insignia of Empire. He was stabbed to death; his body was thrown into the Tiber and his dead paraded around Rome.

Pertinax - one of the Emperors during the Year of Four Emperors, his reign lasted only 85 days. The exact reasons why the Praetorian Guard decided to kill him are, however some historians suggest that they had received only half of their promised pay. Some 300 Praetorian soldiers arrived at his house, his personal guard didn't try to stop them (and being so few, they could hardly manage to). Pertinax was advised to flee but chose to try and reason with the guards. He was stabbed to death during his 'reasoning speech'.
It is said that when Pertinax became an Emperor, he refused to grant his wife or son any Imperial titles, for he knew only too well "what comes with the purple". His wife and son were spared, probably because of that decision.

Didius Julianus - After Pertinax's murder, the Praetorians didn't want to take chances with their pay, so they simply sold the Throne to the highest bidder (literally); Didius Julianus offered 25,000 sesterces to every soldier. Since he was backed by the Praetorian Guard, the Senate had little choice but to accept him as Emperor. The public didn't like the 'auction' very much though and wherever Julianus appeared, he was saluted with groans and shouts of 'robber and parricide' and had stones thrown at him. Generals in different parts of the Empire refused to recognize his authority. One of them, Severus progressed towards Rome and defeated the small group of Praetorian Guards, sent to halt his progress (it should be noted that while Severus commanded some of the best soldiers of the Empire, the Praetorian Guards didn't know active service for many years, were undisciplined and lacked able commanders). Julianus offered to share the Empire with Severus but the offer was refused. The Praetorians, sensing danger, made a pact with Severus and the Senate; they named the actual murders of Pertinax and abandoned Julianus. In return, they were promised they wouldn't suffer any punishment. The Senate proclaimed Severus Emperor, awarded divine honours to Pertinax and sentenced Julianus to death. Julianus was killed by one of the Praetorian Guards, 3rd month into his reign.
The irony is that Julianus had actually nothing to do with Pertinax's murder, was an amiable and generally good-natured man, whose only crime was to try and buy the Empire. His last words were supposed to be "But what evil have I done? Whom have I killed?"

Caracalla - Edward Gibbon would later write of this Emperor that he was 'the enemy of all mankind, who travelled from province to province so that each could experience his cruelty and rapine'. He was the son of Emperor Severus and succeeded him as an Emperor. He was killed by a Praetorian Guard; although hugely unpopular, the reasons for his murder was not political; the brother of the guard who killed him had been executed days earlier by Caracalla on an unproven charge. The guard was also resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion. However, there is also strong evidence to suggest that Caracalla died as a result of conspiracy and that the Praetorian Prefect of the Guard, Macrinus, who succeeded him as Emperor was part of it.

Elagabalus - Elagabalus' eccentricities increasingly infuriated the soldiers of the Praetorian Guard. To try and make peace with the Praetorians, Elagabalus names his cousin, Severus Alexander, as his heir, bestowed him the title of Caesar an shared the consulship with him. Severus Alexander, despite being only 13, was immensely popular with the Praetorians. Some time later Elagabalus suspected he was a little too popular, so he spread the rumour that Severus Alexander was dying, to see how the Praetorians would react. A riot ensued and the guards demanded to see Severus Alexander. When Elagabalus and Severus Alexander arrived at the camp, the latter was cheered, while the former was totally ignored. Enraged, Elagabalus ordered the execution of everyone, who had taken part in the riot. He was very unwise to give the order in front of the Praetorians, who immediately attacked him; he tried to escape in a chest but was found and slain. Elagabalus was only 18 at the time. A damnatio memoriae was decreed upon him.

Balbinus and Pupienus - Although Romans thought they saw the worse during the Year of the Four Emperors, they were yet to see the Year of Six Emperors - Balbinus, Pupienus, Maximinus, Gordian I, Gordian II and Gordian III.
Balbinus was one of the six Emperors of 238 (a joint Emperor with Pupienus, actually). He was in his 70's when he became an Emperor; he was in his 70's when he died too, for his reign lasted less than 4 months. When Gordian I and Gordian II (father and son) were proclaimed Emperors in Africa, the Senate, in turn, chose their own Emperors and appointed Balbinus and Pupienus co-Emperors. A quarrel of influences emerged between Balbinus and Pupienus. The Praetorian Guard solved the question with their favourite method; they simply assassinated both n the Imperial Palace.
Maximinus was killed before them (by Pupienus), Gordian I, Gordian II and Gordian III would join them shortly afterwards.

Gordian I and Gordian II - although neither were actually killed by the Praetorian Guard, the Praetorians certainly contributed to their deaths. Gordian II was killed in a battle, abandoned by his guards. Gordian I took his own life after the death of his son, again abandoned by his guards. Although they 'reigned' for some 60 days, they were not unpopular; both were proclaimed Emperors after Maximinus Thrax killed Emperor Alexander Severus and assumed the throne. Maximinus Thrax was hugely unpopular and both Gordians campaigned against him (although it was another of the Emperors - Pupienus, who actually defeated and killed Maximinus). However, they had to command untrained soldiers and had little success in the military field, which eventually led to deep dissatisfaction among the Praetorians, who effectively abandoned them. That, in turn, led to their deaths. Gordian I's grandson and Gordian II's cousin, Gordian III (the son of Antonia Gordiana) succeeded them as Emperor (all in less than a year's time)

Gordian III - Gordian III was 13 when he became an Emperor. He was 19 when he died. The actual Ruling was done by Gordian's father-in-law, praetorian prefect Timesitheus. When Shapur I of Persia invaded Mesopotamia, Timesitheus and Gordian led a successful campaign against Persian King. The campaign came to abrupt halt after Timesitheus death (although reasons of his death are unknown, it is almost certain he was murdered by Marcus Julius Philippus, better known as Philip the Arab, who succeeded him as praetorian prefect). Philip the Arab didn't manage to lead a successful campaign and the Romans suffered a heavy defeat in the Battle of Misiche. Gordian died following the battle, but not on the battlefield or from wounds sustained during the battle. It is almost certain that he was murdered by Philip the Arab, or more probably, by Praetorian Guards sent by Philip the Arab, who succeeded him as Emperor.
Despite his young age, Gordian was immensely popular with the Romans; the Senate, in order to appease the population and settle down riots that started in Gordian's name, deified the late Emperor (despite strong opposition from Philip the Arab).

Aurelian - Aurelian was certainly one of the most able Emperors Rome ever had. He was, however, extremely strict and severely punished corrupt officials and soldiers. One of Aurelian's minor secretaries had told a lie on an insignificant issue. Afraid of punishment, he forged a document listing the names of high and important officials marked by the Emperor for execution. The high-ranking officers of the Praetorian Guard, fearing for their lives, murdered him during Aurelian's campaign against the Persians.

Probus - During one of Probus's eastern campaigns, he learnt that Marcus Aurelius Carus, commander of the Praetorian Guard, had been proclaimed Emperor. Probus sent troops against the new Emperor, however the troops changed sides and supported Marcus Aurelius Carus. The Praetorian Guards that remained with Probus assassinated him and joined Marcus Aurelius as well.


Nero - although Nero committed a suicide, he only decided to do so after the Praetorian Guard abandoned him and he was effectively left defenceless. His death marked the beginning of the Year of the Four Emperors.
__________________
Audentes fortuna iuvat - Fortune favours the bold *** ... ***Amore, more, ore, re - Love, behaviour, words, actions *** ... ***Aquila non capit muscas - An eagle does not hunt flies
Reply With Quote
  #44  
Old 07-23-2009, 04:32 AM
Next Star's Avatar
Courtier
 
Join Date: Apr 2006
Location: ******, United States
Posts: 872
Queen Mary of Scots was murdered she was beheaded.
King Faisal I of Saudi Arabia was murdered by his nephew.
__________________
Patience is a virtue.

I'm head of a dynastic house no matter what others say.
Princess Kamorrissa,Countess of Welle
Reply With Quote
  #45  
Old 04-30-2010, 07:01 AM
Melisende's Avatar
Commoner
 
Join Date: Apr 2010
Location: Melbourne, Australia
Posts: 10
"Royal Murders" by Dulce M Ashdown

Currently re-reading this - and loving it.
__________________
For my part, I adhere to the maxim of antiquity: the throne is a glorious sepulchre
Reply With Quote
  #46  
Old 05-04-2010, 07:10 PM
Next Star's Avatar
Courtier
 
Join Date: Apr 2006
Location: ******, United States
Posts: 872
The Nepal royals that were murdred back in June of 2001 are included in the following link
http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nepalese_royal_massacre
__________________
Patience is a virtue.

I'm head of a dynastic house no matter what others say.
Princess Kamorrissa,Countess of Welle
Reply With Quote
  #47  
Old 03-29-2011, 09:12 PM
Commoner
 
Join Date: Dec 2010
Location: Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Posts: 12
King Faisal Al-Saud, 1975.
__________________
Reply With Quote
  #48  
Old 03-30-2011, 10:46 AM
Duchessmary's Avatar
Serene Highness
 
Join Date: Jan 2010
Location: San Diego, United States
Posts: 1,087
ArchDuke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, assasinated
__________________
Reply With Quote
  #49  
Old 03-30-2011, 02:49 PM
SLV's Avatar
SLV SLV is offline
Courtier
 
Join Date: Aug 2009
Location: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Posts: 652
Quote:
Originally Posted by Marengo View Post
Now that article on the princesse de Lamballe indeed gives little room for imagination. I believe they paraed her head on a spike in front of the window of Marie Antoinette's prison.

The November 2008 newsletter had a couple of stories on plots to murder royalty:
Assassination of Prince William I of Orange

*shudders*
Our Dutch ancestors were quite thorough.
__________________
Reply With Quote
  #50  
Old 03-30-2011, 03:17 PM
An Ard Ri's Avatar
Super Moderator
Royal Blogger
 
Join Date: Jun 2009
Location: Westmeath, Ireland
Posts: 9,141
Blanche II the unfortunate Queen of Navarre

Blanche II of Navarre - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Margaret of Burgundy, Queen of France

Margaret of Burgundy, Queen of France - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Blanche of Bourbon,Queen of Castile

Blanche of Bourbon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Joan I of Naples

Joan I of Naples - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
__________________
Reply With Quote
  #51  
Old 03-30-2011, 03:28 PM
Courtier
 
Join Date: Oct 2004
Location: n, France
Posts: 610
King Henri IV of France (III of Navarre), murdered by François Ravaillac on May 14, 1610.

Four centuries later, it's still unknown who ordered the murder, though Ravaillac maintained he acted alone. However he had met people from a former mistress of Henri IV before...And Henri's wife Marie de Medici was also a suspect. She had finally been crowned Queen of France (it was not automatically accorded to the King's wife) the day before the assassination.
__________________


Reply With Quote
  #52  
Old 03-31-2011, 05:30 AM
An Ard Ri's Avatar
Super Moderator
Royal Blogger
 
Join Date: Jun 2009
Location: Westmeath, Ireland
Posts: 9,141
Quote:
Originally Posted by ladybelline View Post
King Henri IV of France (III of Navarre), murdered by François Ravaillac on May 14, 1610.

Four centuries later, it's still unknown who ordered the murder, though Ravaillac maintained he acted alone. However he had met people from a former mistress of Henri IV before...And Henri's wife Marie de Medici was also a suspect. She had finally been crowned Queen of France (it was not automatically accorded to the King's wife) the day before the assassination.
And Marie became Regent of France!

Following the assassination of Henri IV,the Coronation of French Queen Consorts was discontinued as it was deemed 'unlucky'
__________________
Reply With Quote
  #53  
Old 03-31-2011, 05:35 AM
An Ard Ri's Avatar
Super Moderator
Royal Blogger
 
Join Date: Jun 2009
Location: Westmeath, Ireland
Posts: 9,141
Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry (son of Charles X of France)


Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans

Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
__________________
Reply With Quote
  #54  
Old 03-31-2011, 01:58 PM
Courtier
 
Join Date: Oct 2004
Location: n, France
Posts: 610
Quote:
Originally Posted by An Ard Ri View Post
And Marie became Regent of France!

Following the assassination of Henri IV,the Coronation of French Queen Consorts was discontinued as it was deemed 'unlucky'
Exactly! Though not being crowned wasn't a problem for Anne of Austria to become Regent for her son Louis XIV, 33 years later.

In mediival times, King Louis X (Margaret of Burgundy's husband) is also rumored to have been poisoned by Countess Mahaut of Artois. The Countess's daughter Jeanne was the wife of Louis X's presumptive heir, Philiippe V...so then Mahaut became mother of the Queen consort.
__________________


Reply With Quote
  #55  
Old 04-08-2011, 08:31 AM
An Ard Ri's Avatar
Super Moderator
Royal Blogger
 
Join Date: Jun 2009
Location: Westmeath, Ireland
Posts: 9,141
Quote:
Originally Posted by ladybelline View Post
Exactly! Though not being crowned wasn't a problem for Anne of Austria to become Regent for her son Louis XIV, 33 years later.

In mediival times, King Louis X (Margaret of Burgundy's husband) is also rumored to have been poisoned by Countess Mahaut of Artois. The Countess's daughter Jeanne was the wife of Louis X's presumptive heir, Philiippe V...so then Mahaut became mother of the Queen consort.

I never heard that before but thank you!

It would explain her presence in Les Rois Maudits.
__________________
Reply With Quote
  #56  
Old 04-21-2011, 07:38 PM
Newbie
 
Join Date: Apr 2011
Location: preston, United Kingdom
Posts: 3
edmund 11 in 1016
__________________
Reply With Quote
  #57  
Old 07-04-2011, 11:29 AM
Grandduchess24's Avatar
Serene Highness
 
Join Date: Mar 2011
Location: Cambridge, United States
Posts: 1,318
Well there was the royal family of Nepal massacre that can only be described as a horrible scene like a school massacre

The murder of the czarina and her family In the hands of the Bolsheviks in Ekaterinburg along with the czar's cousins,nephew, brother and sister in law

Empress Elisabeth of Austria, queen of Hungary she was stabbed in the heart but the corset she was wearing kept her alive until they removed it

So sad when a young royal dies or when a royal in general dies
__________________
" An ugly baby is a very nasty object, and the prettiest is frightful when undressed."
- Queen Victoria
Reply With Quote
  #58  
Old 07-30-2011, 08:11 AM
Serene Highness
 
Join Date: Jan 2011
Location: City on islands, Sweden
Posts: 1,086
Prince Magnus Birgersson of Sweden, executed in 1320, 20 years old.
__________________
Reply With Quote
  #59  
Old 09-19-2011, 03:43 PM
Grandduchess24's Avatar
Serene Highness
 
Join Date: Mar 2011
Location: Cambridge, United States
Posts: 1,318
Princess Diana of wales and empress Elisabeth of Austria were certainly two tragic royals who married the heir and didn't have a loving marriage.

Queen Marie Antoinette of France and czarina Alexandra fyodorovna of Russia have many similarities and yet both were killed one by revolutionaries and the other by Bolsheviks. They were all innocent that it is sad that they didn't die peacefully I woul like to add princess grace of Monaco,because like Diana she was a memorable royal.

Princess diana- car crash in Paris
Princess grace- car crash
Czarina Alexandra- shot with family by squad
Queen Marie Antoinette - guillotined
Empress Elisabeth- stabbed in the heart.

Unlike their wives their husbands vary in lives
Prince Charles - alive and remarried
Prince rainier III- grieved grace's death till death
Czar Nicholas II - murdered with wife and children
King Louis XVI - guillotined
__________________
" An ugly baby is a very nasty object, and the prettiest is frightful when undressed."
- Queen Victoria
Reply With Quote
  #60  
Old 09-19-2011, 05:04 PM
KittyAtlanta's Avatar
Heir Presumptive
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: KittyLand Junction, United States
Posts: 2,899
Oh, I do hope you are not insinuating that Diana was murdered.
__________________

__________________
Reply With Quote
Reply


Currently Active Users Viewing This Thread: 1 (0 members and 1 guests)
 
Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are Off
Pingbacks are Off
Refbacks are Off


Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
The Queen and Australia, Residences, Governor-General, etc... happy_27 Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh 493 03-31-2014 02:42 AM
Royalty (Fictional and Real) In Fictional Movies Josefine The Electronic Domain 138 07-07-2011 08:12 AM
Caricatures of Royals Serena General Royal Discussion 20 06-29-2011 03:54 PM
Fashion for the Little Royals, Part 2: April 2010 - May 2011 dazzling Archives 392 05-25-2011 02:32 AM




Additional Links
Popular Tags
abdication birth charlene chris o'neill crown prince frederik crown prince haakon crown princess letizia crown princess mary crown princess mette-marit crown princess victoria duchess of cambridge dutch royal history engagement fashion grand duchess maria teresa grand duke henri infanta leonor infanta sofia jordan king abdullah ii king carl xvi gustav king felipe king felipe vi king harald king juan carlos king philippe king willem-alexander luxembourg olympic games olympics ottoman pom pregnancy prince albert prince albert ii prince carl philip prince constantijn prince felipe prince floris prince maurits prince pieter-christiaan princess aimee princess anita princess astrid princess beatrix princess charlene princess laurentien princess mabel princess margriet princess marilene princess mary princess of asturias queen anne-marie queen letizia queen mathilde queen maxima queen rania queen silvia queen sofia royal royal fashion russia sofia hellqvist spain state visit sweden the hague visit wedding winter olympics 2014



All times are GMT -4. The time now is 09:08 PM.

Social Knowledge Networks

eXTReMe Tracker
Powered by vBulletin
Copyright ©2000 - 2014
Jelsoft Enterprises

Royal News Delivered to your Email!

You can get the latest Royal News right in your inbox.

unsusbcribe at anytime with one click

Close [X]