The Prince Felipe receives the descendants from big personalities of the XXth century
EFE MADRID. - The Prince of Asturias has received in the Palace of the Operetta the descendants from some of the big personalities of the XXth century, as Gandhi, Neruda, García Lorca or Cashew tree.
All of them will take part in Oviedo in the honoring " Memory of the Big ones ", organized by the Foundation Prince of Asturias, inside the acts that celebrate the anniversary XXV of the creation of the prizes that take the title of the inheritor of the Wreath.
The director of the Foundation, Graciano García, made clear that with the honoring wants to be recognized the moral, scientific, literary and artistic legacy of some of the big men of the XXth century.
Definitively, added García, to be grateful for the example that these personalities have left as guide for the human advance.
Prince de Asturias, who greets to the director of the Foundation Prince of Asturias, Graciano Garci'a, next to the participants in the acts "Memories of the Great ones", in the occasion of XXV the anniversary of the prizes which they take his name, to those who he received today in the Palace of the Zarzuela.
HEARING. PARTICIPANTS IN the ACTS "MEMORY OF GREAT"
Palace of the Zarzuela. Madrid
translation from casareal.es :
Her Height Real Prince de Asturias has received in hearing in the Palace of the Zarzuela to the participants in the acts "Memory of the Great ones", that are within the framework celebrated of XXV the anniversary of the Prizes Prince of Asturias. Headed by the chief of a main directorate of the Foundation, Graciano Garci'a, Arun Gandhi, grandson of M. K. Gandhi and president of the Gandhi Institute went for the nonViolence; Jane Chaplin, daughter of Charles Chaplin; John Stravinsky, grandson of Igor Stravinsky; Privato Roncalli and Marco Roncalli, nephew and nephew grandson, respectively, of S.S. Juan XXIII; Bernardine Kings, nephew of Pablo Neruda and writer; Catherine Camus, daughter of Albert Camus; Gloria Owens Hemphill, daughter of Jesse Owens and vice-president of the Foundation Jesse Owens; Dove Varela Ortega, granddaughter of Jose Ortega and Gasset and professor of the Independent University of Madrid; Gregorio Marañón and Bertrán de Lis, Alexander Fernandez de Araoz Marañón and Tom Burns Marañón, grandsons of Gregorio Marañón; Jean-Marc Lieberherr, grandson of Jean Monnet; and Laura Garci'a Lorca, niece of Federico Garci'a Lorca. In the evening the act of tribute in the Audience will be celebrated Prince Felipe of Oviedo. With the act "Memory of the Great ones", framed in the program of XXV the Anniversary of the Prizes Prince of Asturias, the Foundation Prince of Asturias wants to recognize moral, scientific, literary, artistic the legacy and, really, the example that these personalities have left as it guides for the human advance. (Palace of the Zarzuela. Madrid, 24 of November of 2005)
looks like there're lots of important people there...
will there'll be a reception or event regarding the 25th anniv premios de principe de asturias including these people?
Catherine Camus affirmed to be proud of her Spanish blood and Gloria Owens declared herself moved
Madrid, Modem Press
Don Felip Prince of Asturias received yesterday, in the palace of Zarzuela, the participants forthwith of honoring " Memory of the big ones ", organized by the Foundation. During the hearing, which lasted thirty minutes, Graciano García, the director of the Foundation, declared a few words in which it recognized the moral, scientific, literary and artistic legacy of the personalities represented there by their relatives.
There were present at the act Arun Gandhi, grandson of Mahatma Gandhi; Jane Chaplin, daughter of Charles Chaplin; John Stravinsky, grandson of the composer; Privato and Marco Roncalli, nephew and nephew grandson of the Pope Juan XXIII; Bernardo Reyes, nephew of Paul Neruda; Catherine Camus, daughter of Albert Camus; Gloria Owens, daughter of the athlete Jesse Owens; Tatiana Yankelevich, step-daughter of Andrei Sajarov; four grandsons of the doctor Gregorio Marañón; Jean Marc Lieberherr, grandson of Jean Monet, and Laura García Lorca, niece of the Andalusian poet.
The writer Bernardo Reyes delivered to the Prince of Asturias a summary of own poems and of his uncle, Pablo Neruda. Jean Marc Lieberherr, for his part, invited don Felipe to visit the House Museum of his grandfather, Jean Monet, in Paris. Laura García Lorca remembered to the Prince their first meeting on the occasion of the project of creation of the Foundation García Lorca that finishes of putting in functioning with the movement of the funds of the from Granada poet of the Students' Residence to it sedates of the Foundation. On the verge of starting way to Oviedo, the daughter of Jesse Owens confessed that she had "got excited" on having known the Prince, whereas Jane Chaplin qualified him of " accessibly and very nicely ". Catherine Camus commented to him on don Felipe that so much his father as her they were very proud of her Spanish blood.
The German writer Günter Grass, Prize Prince of Asturias of Letters 1999 and Nobel Prize of Literature, said that the Prizes Prince of Asturias 'are as much important as the Nobel'.
Günter Grass, along with the Italian writer Claudio Magris (Prize Prince of Asturias of Letters 2004) and three journalists, participated last Saturday in Oviedo in a debate on the independence of mass media. This is the second cycle of debates organized by the Prince of Asturias Foundation, on the occasion of the 25th Anniversary of its Prizes. The inaugural act took place on April 12th 2005 in Oviedo, with an extraordinary conference by Professor Stephen Hawking, Prize Prince of Asturias of Concord 1989, which was presided over by TRH the Princes of Asturias.
The Nobel Walcott and Soyinka will take part in Oviedo in the " World day of the poetry "
Next March 21 it will be celebrated in Oviedo the " World day of the poetry ", activity organized together by the Foundation Prince of Asturias and the UNESCO. It will be one of the central acts of the celebration of the vigésimo fifth anniversary of the institution in this year. The writers Derek Walcott, whom a critic has defined as a " Supreme poet of the Carib ", and the Nigerian Wole Soyinka, both awardwinners with the Nobel prize of Literature, will be two of the guests to the act.
They will join them those who have received the " Prince of Asturias " of the Letters: Pablo García Baena, Ángel Gonzalez and Carlos Bousoño, as well as a numerous group of Spanish and Asturian poets. Pere Gimferrer, Antonio Gala, Antonio Colinas, Carlos Marzal, Andrés Trapiello, Xuan Bello, Berta Piñán and many other names will take part in a program of activities that will last one week. Also three poets of Senegal have been invited, in what it wants to be an honoring to the ex-president and writer Leopold Sedar Sengor (1906-2000). Parallel, there will inaugurate the exhibition " The word and the fingerprint ", that there will assemble twelve of the artists rewarded by the Foundation Prince, that they will exhibit its work in three scenes: Oviedo, Gijon and Aviles. Pablo Serrano, Eduardo Chillida and Jorge Oteiza, in sculpture; Eugenio Sempere, Antonio Tàpies, Miquel Barceló, Antonio Lopez and Roberto Matta, in painting; Sebastião Salgado, in photography, and Oscar Niemeyer, Sáenz de Oiza and Santiago Calatrava, in architecture, is the represented artists.
In the same frame there has programmed the concert of the mezzosoprano Teresa Berganza, who also will give a few magisterial classes.
One month before, probably next February 18, the Foundation Prince will inaugurate the activities of the Film Center with an honoring to the playwright and prize of the Letters Arthur Miller, deceased last year. It will consist of a cycle of cinema dedicated to the author of " Death of a traveller ", with the projection of movies of the fact that Miller collaborated. The projections will be celebrated in different Asturian localities, but the honoring will be celebrated on the 18th in Oviedo and there will attend the same one his son, Robert Miller, producer of cinema. The meeting of about a hundred of European and Latin-American rectors, in the frame of "Erasmus", will be different of the big events programmed for this year by the Foundation. The meeting will try to propitiate from Oviedo the amplification of the European scholarships of study, rewarded with the " Prince of Asturias " of International Cooperation in 2004, to the Latin-American countries. The Princes Philip and Letizia or the prime minister, Jose Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, might be present at the act. The same month the general assembly of Eurovision will be celebrated in the capital of the Principality.
Other one of the central celebrations will be in September. Champions of the Tour of France like Hinault and Indurain will take part together with the one that was the director of the test(proof), Jean-Marie Leblanc, in a cycle popular career in Asturias.
Mstislav Rostropovich's concert, which will direct the Symphonic one of Asturias (June), two debates, one on economy that there will direct Paul Krugman (April) and other one on literature, at the expense of Mario Vargas Llosa (July), they are different of the programmed activities. Likewise, two exhibitions will show themselves, that of the Olympic International Committee (COI), in June, and one of Sebastião Salgado's photographies (October). In the autumn one will present a book realized by the "New York Times" in collaboration with the Foundation, with articles published in the rotary North American on the awardwinners with " Prince of Asturias ". They will appear, between others, the first critique of " Death of a traveller ", the chronicle of the exit of the jail of the ex-president sudafricano Nelson Mandela and the critique that received the movie " Welcomly, Mr. Marshall ", of Luis García Berlanga.
All the acts projected on the occasion of 25 Anniversary are very interesting, I hope that the princes could come to someone of the acts, am sure, of that for example, they would be interested in that of the poetry very much. I will be putting the information that I find.
The exhibition XXV años de los Premios Príncipe de Asturias, exhibited in the Centro Cultural Casa de Vacas del Parque del Buen Retiro de Madrid, received 74 076 visitors, with an average of 3 086 daily visitors. The content of this exhibition reflects a graphical chronicle of the 25 years of the prizes. The photos were made by 34 photographers, who covered the different prize-giving ceremonies.
The traveling exhibition started its route in Oviedo, where it was visited by 22 000 people, and another selection of photographies was transferred to Mexico D.F., last month, where it was visited by 10 000 people.
This exhibition is part of the commemorative acts of the 25th anniversary of the Prince of Asturias Foundation, and it was inaugurated by the Princes of Asturias April 12th 2005.
Choir Foundation Prince of Asturias offers concert in Madrid
The Choir of the Foundation Prince of Asturias offered this night in the National Audience of Madrid a concert, on the occasion of there be fulfilling the anniversary XXV of the Prizes that take the name of the Inheritor of the Wreath.
The Infanta Pilar, the director of the Foundation, Graciano García, the leader of Izquierda Unida, Gaspar Llamazares, and diplomatic representatives of a score of countries, between them Russia, Romania, Poland, Costa Rica and Israel, were present at the concert, which registers in the acts of commemoration of the anniversary.
Tomorrow, the Princes of Asturias, who today are in Gerona realizing different institutional activities, they will meet the members of the Patronage of the Foundation in the Palace of El Pardo.
In the Audience, the Symphonic Orchestra of the Asturias accompanied to the Choir in the interpretation of the Mass in Mozart's Do Menor, under Max Valdés's direction.
Eve Oltivanyi and Virginia Waganer controlled as soloists the sopranos, the baritone Hubert Claessens and the tenor Agustín Prunell-Friend.
Besides, the violinist Alexander Vassilliev interpreted the Concert for violin and orchestra in n 4 in Re Mayor, of the same composer, of whom this year celebrates 250 centenary of his birth.
THE 'OLYMPIC DREAMS' EXHIBITION, ORGANISED BY THE PRINCE OF ASTURIAS FOUNDATION AND THE OLYMPIC MUSEUM, LAUSANNE OPENED LAST 2ND JULY
The "Olympic Dreams" Exhibition that has been organised by the Prince of Asturias Foundation and the Olympic Museum, Lausanne (Switzerland) got under way this coming Sunday, July 2nd, at 1 p.m. at the Cajastur Cultural Centre in Gijón´s Palacio Revillagigedo.
The opening ceremony was attended by Prince of Asturias Award for Sports Laureates, including Juan Antonio Samaranch (1988), Sergey Bubka (1991), Hassiba Boulmerka (1995), Arantxa Sánchez-Vicario and (1998). The Olympic Museum Lausanne has loaned material for the exhibition and was represented by its director, Francis Gabet, and exhibition commissioner Rachel Caloz.
The Foundation Prince of Asturias was born poor in a Spain newly bulging of the dictatorship. Today it is an ethical and intellectual modal in the whole world. This one is the history of the men's handful that they made possible and of how don Felipe considers it to be intimately joined his destiny
Alonso did not gain the Prize Prince of Asturias last year for being a better pilot that Schumacher; he won because his will of victory is an example for the youth. The selection of basketball has not won this year for having conquered the World one; it has won for their example of overcoming, spirit of team and commitment with the values of the sport.
This way the Prince thinks.
Loaded with principles. Universal. Independent. A modal for the society. That one is the spirit of the Foundation Prince of Asturias. And also the secret of its success. Effort, prudence and calmness. Since the Prince acts. To drop, she likes to say drop. To explain a labor of 25 years he resorts to the similar television one: " We Begin in target and negro in 2; we happen to The First one in schedule of evening, and already we are in occupy first place steal … ".He does not exaggerate. In 1981, the organization of the prizes to point was of not filling the theatre Campoamor of Oviedo. Today, the act of delivery possesses a hearing of 1.000 million hooked spectators " to the most important cultural ceremony of the world ", according to definition of the sociologist Anthony Giddens. In Spain, 95 % of the polled ones values positively the prizes; 80 % goes beyond: he thinks that they improve the image of our country in the world.
A very small structure that does big things. And in that fELIPE de Borbón is not a guest of stone. It has been from his adult age the engine of this minuscule Asturian institution that it was born without headquarters, money or insole in a Spain newly bulging of the dictatorship. With cabezonería and the made duties. With the aim to obtain the prizes most respected of the planet. An ethical modal. And a mark of prestige for our country. They it confirm those who worked and work to his side. " The Prince is the moral authority ". He clarified it in a speech of 1989: " I Consider to the foundation as something deeply joined my destiny, in a Spain stimulated by the seduction of the future and its brilliant possibilities ". He was 21 years old. It was a declaration of principles.
Forgotten in a corner of the foundation, in an impersonal flat of the center of Oviedo, there is a dull photo of don Felipe of beginning of the eighties: an innocent, beardless teenager and with the crooked teeth. He crosses a dedication with infantile letter that the time has been erasinG. This old portrait is a good metaphor of the evolution of the foundation. Its path - from the zero to the infinite - connects with the biography of that fair child that one day will be a king. They have become major united. In 25 years, the prizes have managed to assemble in Asturias two hundreds of men and women who represent the most noble of the humanity. And in the same lapse of time, the Prince has become a man; he has understood the value that the awards have for the society and has fed them with the values in which he believes: freedom, pluralism, tolerance and solidarity. Today, thanks to the prizes, the Prince is more an acquaintance and respected in the world. And he looks like a person in whom one can trust.
Nevertheless, few ones believed, in that distant 1979, in the idea of creating a foundation concerning the inheritor who was linking Asturias. And it was opening him the doors of the intellectual community. The initiative belonged to Graciano García, a journalist and anxious publisher and dilettante whom the Prince defines as an idealist. Graciano García, today the director of the foundation, was not forming a part of the Asturian establishment; he had born in the mining basin and was considered to be " too progressive ". The Prince, the adressee of the idea, only was 11 years old. He was lacking institutional protagonism. He was limiting himself to accompanying the Kings. And to observe. With this combination of coyness and prudence that has marked his character. Few ones were trusting in the initiative. But there was the King, who received her keenly. And Sabino Fernandez Campo, secretary general of the Royal House, who in five minutes made his, was precise and, especially, he canalized the subtle support of the Wreath. Graciano García explains it: " The King recommended to us discretion as for his support. He did not want that it was looking like a bulging idea of the House, but a born project of the hope that was living Through Spain those days; he wanted that we were the Asturians that hiciésemos our project. He me took charge that was taking to end the negotiations that they were leading to the constitution of the foundation. But to personal title. It was not easy ".
- There existed the possibility that the foundation was turning into a parallel court?
-Sabino had not allowed it. And the King, less. The foundation had to be another thing. In the crossroads, our way always was least travelled.
A couple of years later, in September, 1981, one day, to the return of the college, they said to the Prince that he was going to be present " at a very nice act in Asturias ", and that he had to read a speech. His first speech. Five paragraphs that he incubated to conscience. Still one sees repeating the text again and again, in a room of the hotel La Reconquista of Oviedo, opposite to the general Sabino. He did it well. They were minutes of nerves. The images of the epoch show to a King tenser than his own son. 87-year-old Fernandez Campo, remembers: " I Wrote the speech together with the King. It supposed an enormous emotion that the Prince was saying his first words in my land. The key age to promote the monarchy. And everything what was done in this sense, and besides across the inheritor, was positive. The foundation was a way of giving him to know in the entire world. And that in Asturias were considering him to be something own. And these traditions are always very suitable … ".
October 3, 1981 began everything. The first Prizes Prince of Asturias of the history. Joined the constitutional spirit that one was living in Spain. Times of illusion for the recovered freedom. Times that seem to be remote. Eight months before, Tejero had assaulted the Congress. The King stopped the blow. The poet Jose Hierro, the first prize Prince of Asturias of the letters, left the clear things this evening in his words of gratefulness: " Gentleman, if the present was not beginning on February 24, but it was calling in the evening of February 23, we would not be here (…). Your Majesty does not ask how many divisions a man of the culture can mobilize. He knows that a book or a picture created freely, they matter. Because of it he receives every year writers and artists. He does not need to turn them into writers or painters of chamber; on having respected them and to admire them has conquered his respect and admiration ". It was the accolade. The link between the Wreath and the culture (and the freedom) began to be tangible. The Prince admits that he did not understand Jose Hierro's message until years later. Still today he revises some old speeches of the winning ones. And he gets excited.
In opposition to what it could be thought, that year of the premiere is not the one that don Felipe remembers with fear, but the second one: that of the confirmation of the alternative. He tells prettily that the inaugural delivery of the prizes was like to be thrown from a springboard by the first time: since you do not know what is, you you do not think it very much …, and throw yourself. In the second edition, in 1982, one found in Asturias a much higher springboard. He was not comfortable, did not know anybody and had an orthodontics that was preventing him from practising well. To half of speech, in his own words, a soup of letters was formed in front of the eyes. He got stuck. There passed seconds that seemed to him minutes. He recaptured the text and worked out airy. There was an ovation in the theatre Campoamor. During a season, still he had infantile nightmares in which he was facing without words an immense audience.
A quarter of century later, both previous chiefs of the House of His Majesty the King, Sabino Fernandez CampO and Fernando Almansa, they coincide with that the speech of don Felipe in Oviedo " is the most personal and of major political background of that he declares ". The vizconde of Almansa's Castle goes just beyond: " Everything what is joined to the foundation supposes an authentic political test for the Prince. A political and institutional tool that every time has become better and bigger. Already it is not only the speech, also the presidency of the patronage, where he has known very important people of this country ".
- What type of control does exercise the House of the King on the foundation?
- From the times of Sabino, and though it is not written, the House is the last authority. There consults him everything. Besides, the Prince is on everything. And the chief of the House attends him and advises in all his functions. I was to his side in all the prizes as chief of the House. And it is true, the speeches of the Prince in the foundation are those of more political fret. Always they consult with the King. But they do not pass to the Government, because the Prince has neither statute nor political function. He is the inheritor.
- The foundation has become bigger of the foreseen …
- Yes, it has an impact that was not waited. A great transcendency. And an enormous visibility in the mass media. What implies a major responsibility. But, in nine years that I was a chief of the House, it never gave to me a problem.
This idea of the transcendency of the speech of the Prince is shared by Plácido Arango, president of the foundation between 1987 and 1996: " It Has political load. The Prince listens very much and then he tries to put messages of full current importance. And it has been like that since he was very young. The Prince always had clear what was going to be and to have to be the foundation. And in this sense, that of the prizes is a speech in which he believes ". The interested party it stresses: " It Is the most mine ".
In this sense, it is a good historical exercise to cross 24 interventions (in 1984 he did not come because he was dealing last year of Baccalaureate in Canada) of don Felipe in Oviedo. Not only it supposes a revision to hisbiography (his first official trip, the oath of the Constitution, his military career and university studies, the commitment with his generation, the admiration for the King, the love for dona Leticia …); also it allows to obtain valuable tracks on the way of thinking of someone to whom not always it is easy to know nor interpreting.
Across the words that he throws in Oviedo his passion is understood by Latin America, the European construction and the search of the peace in Close East; the need of an intercultural dialogue; the connection with the values of the sport; the adhesion to the constitutional spirit; the belief in the unit of Spain; the worry for the globalization and the desigualdades; for the role of the science in the well-being of the humanity; the interest for the information; his recovery of the role of the woman, and, especially, the hope in a better society. That one is his dream. (" Our lives receive their deeper sense when we strain in real makes our dreams "). Present, for example, in the last lines of his speech of 2002: " If in any place of the world, if from some village lost in the mountains of a remote country, an alone child, an alone girl sees this ceremony and he feels the desire to manage to be some so generous, so brilliant day, as wise as those who honor us on having received our awards, our effort and our dedication will have filled with meaning ".
For him, 24 speeches have been important, pieces of his life; but, of having to choose, he would remain with that of 2004, the first one who represented for the big door together with the princess of Asturias. The previous year, privately, Leticia and Felipe were crossing for the corridors of Oviedo being ignored. Still they had not announced their commitment. They did not want filtrations. From the following year it was different. The Prince admits that the ceremony of 2004 has marked his life.
The same thing there thinks the Princess, that one day was defined as Asturian, ovetense, monarchic and principista. Dona Letizia was afraid of the moment to face the prizes. An act that knows from girl and always she thrilled it. Up to the point of the tears skipping him before the groans of the Asturian bagpipes while she was transmitting for television the edition of 2002. She knew that in Oviedo she could be ruined. she cried very much in every eve of October 22, 2004. And this evening, in the theatre Campoamor, she lasted with the low head and the set on edge fists, a knot in the stomach and the throat resects, the emotive speech of the Prince. If she was starting crying, already she might not stop. Don Felipe was touched of stopping his speech, but prefirió to continue forward. He concluded with these words, in which he was comparing the foundation with a tree, " that from now will possess also the care and the dedicated help of my wife, Leticia, the princess of Asturias ". Later many tears would come. But privately.
The back of the rotten image of the Princess it was offering this evening the aspect of happiness of the Prince. After 18 years presiding in solitarily at the delivery, since the King yielded all the protagonism, someone had, finally, to his side in spite of whom sharing his labor. A person whom he considers with criterion. Whose ideas always he bears in mind. And that is Asturian.
It is one of these intimate instantaneous ones already joined the history of the prizes; as that of Isaac Rabin advancing afoot for the streets of Oviedo, Woody Allen and Arthur Miller welded of the arm, Günter Grass and the astronaut John Glenn amazed before the miniskirt of the tennis player Steffi Graf, the bitter tears of the leader sefardí Salomón Gaón in his return to Sefarad, the speech expressed for sintetizador of Stephen Hawking, the brilliancy of the last Adolfo Suárez, Nelson Mandela charisma or the embrace between the irreconcilable fighters against the AIDS, Luc Montagnier and Robert Gallo.
Nevertheless, behind the areas there is also a history of work, dedication and enthusiasm joined a few names. Those who believed from the first day in that dream.
September 24, 1980 constituted the Foundation Prince of Asturias was remaining. It had the social headquarters in an old bank branch of the street Perez de la Sala , in Oviedo. And four personnel. In the first meeting of the patronage, the royal inspiration, it materialized in Pedro Masaveu's appointment as president. He had, possibly, the major fortune of Spain. he was educated, refined and Asturian; collector of art and lover of the classic music. And he was not looking for protagonism.
Plácido Arango, founder of the Group Vips, employer of the foundation from the first day and president between1987 and 1996, adds to Masaveu's portrait: " He Was a perfectionist; he was taking care up to the last detail. Graciano [whom they nominated the director] and he were doing a good pair. It was managing one and was promoting other one. The third leg was Sabino. Without Graciano the foundation would not exist, but without the support of the King and the work of Sabino and Masaveu it would not have gone out forward ".
The foundation was born poor. " In the humble home the authentic freedom is, and we were aspiring to the independence. We were not looking for a great company that was paying everything; we did not want to be the foundation of such-and-such company, which was deciding or orientating how it had to be our performance. Our credibility comes from our independence. We have never bent to a pressure. And there have been many people ", makes clear Graciano García. And he does not lie. To go on a few hours to his side supposes sharing a handful of calls of powerful that ask: how does ours go? And Graciano escaping for the tangent one. " From the first moment, Arango said: ' Here there are no recommendations that cost '. And today our great patrimony is the independence ".
It, in the moral thing; because, in the economic thing, it was born with only 11 millions of pesetas. In the first seven years, Masaveu paid of his checkbook the expenses of the foundation. In 1987 he requested to leave the presidency for motives of health. He was suffering a degenerative disease. He died six years later, when the foundation to which he dedicated money and illusion was already a reality.
In 1987, the royal inspiration interpreted by Sabino Fernandez CampO, it turned Plácido Arango into new president of the foundation. As his predecessor, Arango had an important fortune, was collector of art and lover of the culture; with Asturian roots and enormously discreet (in nine years of presidency only he would grant two interviews). And with two added values: he was a world man (employer of the Metropolitan Museum of New York and friend of Octavio Paz and Gabriel García Márquez) and with a great managerial smell. He was going to touch him the delicate mission to achieve that the foundation was assembling a patrimony that was allowing its self-financing.
This design was not new. The Foundation Nobel prize has lived, from his(her,your) creation in 1901, of the revenues of Alfred Nobel's legacy, which stopped arranged in his testament: " My capital will be inverted by my executrices in sure values, and his revenues will constitute a fund that will be distributed in the shape of prizes for those that have done the biggest benefit for the humanity ". " The Prínce of Asturias did not have this initial patrimony and Masaveu did not have time to assemble it ", Plácido Arango remembers. " This task I touched me. The foundation already had detached; it was seen well by the King and by the society, and the businessmen, who knew this interest of the King and the importance that the foundation could have for the Prince, did a contribution of good degree. I limited myself to taking the message, and the message and the messenger were received well. We did not want that they were more than 50 the consulted companies. Of the original list, eight were abstained; other they continue. The benefactors joined to the not executive patronage. Besides other persons, as the president of the Royal Academy and Octavio Paz ". Graciano García defines to the patronage that went out of that amplification, and that today is around 80 members, " the cultural and managerial elite of Spain ".
When, in 1996, Plácido Arango left, for own decision, the presidency, in the moment in which the Prince concluded his studies of posgrado in Georgetown, the patrimony of the foundation passed from 11 to 2.500 million pesetas. It had obtained financial muscle. And in its patronage the most select of the Ibex 35 was figuring: both big Spanish multinationals, both big banks, both big saving banks, the three construction big ones. Besides it was immersed in the internationalization of its prizes and it had started initiatives as the choirs and the International School of Music.
The profile of the successor in the presidency was answering to the new times. The new president was not an educated patron, but an agent of height. Jose Ramon Álvarez Rendueles, in whose appointment had much that to see the inspiration of the Prince, was possessing an impressive curriculum: professor of Public Estate, ex-secretary of State of Economy, ex-governor of the Bank of Spain, ex-president of the Banco Zaragozano, world vice-president of Arcelor and president of Aceralia. Respected, dialogante, Asturian and man of center, was the exact name that could have gone out of a talent-scout's company.
Álvarez Rendueles, who thinks that in these last 10 years the foundation has increased in prestige and quote - " thanks to the team and, especially, at the level of the jurors "-, thinks that his mission in these moments is " to put emphasis in the international direction, specially towards Asia and The United States, and to improve the patrimony of the foundation, which is in 20 million Euros, but still it is insufficient for autofinanciarnos. In the Nobel prize, the revenues of the initial contribution cover the annual budget; they do not have to be based on the expectations of what the employers are going to give every year, like on our case. To obtain image, visibility, internationalization we would need a patrimony of 100 million Euros. Think that we give 50.000 Euros to every winning one, opposite to the million that grants the Foundation Nobel prize. The problem is that in Spain the patronage does not have fiscal advantages ".
The Prizes Prince of Asturias have turned into a great Spanish mark of international prestige. The Asturian president, Vicente Álvarez Areces, admits that the foundation " has opened our image for the rest of the planet. In these moments, our first supports in the world are the winning ones. And we are taking advantage of this recognition, this image and the utility of these contacts in order that doors are opened us in the exterior ".
The foundation possesses the best agenda of the country. More than 200 rewarded ones that are an intellectual and ethical modal for the humanity and that feel intensely joined the prizes. For some of the involved persons, that one is the future of the Foundation Prince of Asturias: to take advantage of this net of contacts as a tool of the State. Though without resigning its role of rewarding every year " to the picture of honor of the humanity ", in Graciano García's definition.
Because of it, when next Friday Bill and Melinda Gates, Pedro Almodóvar, Juan Ignacio Cirac, Paul Auster, Mary Robinson, the Spanish selection of basketball and the representatives of National Geographic Society and Unicef gather their respective Prizes Prince of Asturias, probably the best message that they could receive on the spirit that it moves to the foundation be these words that don Felipe declared in 1990: " The life is a grand gift and the only opportunity to do the good ".
This special number, which commemorates a quarter of century of the Prizes, assembles the testimonies of some of its protagonists, from Woody Allen and Fernando Alonso up to Oscar Niemeyer, Pedro Almodóvar or Claudio Magris
FELIPE. PRINCE OF ASTURIAS
I am grateful cordial to the diary El Pais for the happy initiative to dedicate this extraordinary supplement to the Anniversary XXV of the " Prizes Prince of Asturias " and of permitting with this motive to go to its readers.
On having done it, I want to express before at all my deep gratitude to all those who have made possible that the " Prizes Prince of Asturias " they have constituted from the beginning a fecund reality, as which we meditate twenty-five years later. I direct my major gratefulness the executives and those that they form or Protective Members have formed a part of the equipment of the Foundation Prince of Asturias, the Members of the Patronage, the Jurors, the personnel of the Foundation, to the mass media and to all those they have helped, direct or, to achieve indirectly the reached results.
They have looked for the victory of the permanent thing on the ephemeral thing, in order that always they feel accompanied, not only those who fight to excel to yes same in the scientific and technical investigation, the art, the humanities, the sport, but also who promote the solidarity, the communication and the concord, as carriers of the values in which the living together settles itself. They have proposed, at the same time, that in the awardwinners we could recognize the innumerable citizens who, foreign to the sparkle of the areas, make grow our world with their daily and silent effort, assuming responsibilities and intensifying illusions.
The Winning ones represent somehow all of them and, in not few occasions, also to whom beyond our borders they lack own voice. This way Claudio Magris was expressing it, when, on having received his award, he was annotating: " I Should share this Prize with all the co-authors of what I have written, men and women who have shared my existence and form a part of me ".
In sum, the most valuable fruit of the Foundation Prince of Asturias, our major patrimony, they are ours Rewarded. It would be impossible emphasize now its detailed merits, but yes I want to emphasize the narrow relation and the deep admiration that they join theirs theirs them, as well as the generosity with that come to our call. And with them we want to continue this exciting task. Because of them and with them we extract the reason of our activity; and with their work we transmit our message to the humanity.
Throughout these twenty-five years I have been personally compromised with the wide activity of the Foundation, reflected in summons of congresses and of scientific meetings, in the impulse to the musical area, in the celebration of conferences of particular interest and in so many other initiatives that demonstrate during the whole year the dynamism and that find the maximum expression in the selection of the annual Prizes for prestigious independent jurors. My appreciation, entail and commitment were increasing as for age I was assuming and understanding better the importance of their labor; at the time that I was learning of Winning lessons for the life and for my work. I could have stated likewise with great satisfaction that, in the Foundation Prince of Asturias, recognizes a relevant element of the great cultural patrimony of Spain and of its international projection. Two slopes that express with clarity the growth of its social support, of its maturity and its rooting and of its prestige.
The birth and the important development of the Foundation met encouraged by the dynamics of modernization, stability and progress without precedents that it has provided to us in Spain the frame of living together in democracy and freedom that assures our Constitution.
Stands out the permanent impulse of the authorities of the Asturias, as well as the help of the General Administration of the State, of the Employers and other entities of the civil society that they interpret this way to feel of a wide majority of our citizens.
Asturias, since good we know, it has could do of its rich history an engine of modernity; of its culture, of its landscape, of its sports and of its gastronomy, a reason of legitimate pride for all the Spanish; and of the hospitality, the foundation of the relation with the others, which there leaves a permanent fingerprint of affection and gratefulness. The whole set of qualities that mark the work of the Foundation and the Ceremony of delivery of Prizes in Oviedo. Asturias and all the Asturians I direct my affection and my gratitude.
In the Prizes, in all the prizes, many personal experiences are mixed likewise, also some mine, from that September 24, 1980 in which, as Inheritor of the Wreath, I was present in Oviedo at the constitution of the Foundation Prince of Asturias, accompanied by the Kings. An Act in which I started understanding up to what point the Wreath promotes the longings, the hopes and the determinations of all those fight to achieve a finished and made well work, which uses all as reference. Today I cannot but confirm me in those first perceptions, that they lead me to demonstrating once again my honoring of respect and fondness to H. M. the King, for his education, his impulse and his determined will to do of the personal and collective merit a determinant factor of the progress of Spain.
Undoubtedly, between many moments with own relief, lived on the occasion of the delivery of the Prizes, stands out the ceremony of the year 2004, in which for the first time there was accompanying the Princess of Asturias, joined me from our marriage in the deceived zeal of service to Spain. I retain with special emotion and gratefulness the hot plaudit with which the attendees wanted to receive the Princess, in her Asturian land.
I have preferred leaving for this moment a recollection that the readers, undoubtedly, will recognize. Between the constant and important supports with which they count the Prizes, emphasizes that of H. M. the Queen, who has had the nice attention of being present every year at the well-known Ceremony in the Theatre Campoamor. Desire to direct for her from these pages all my gratitude, which adds to her of all those they have collaborated in making so fertile initiatory real.
The last nucleus of the spirit of the Foundation and of the Prizes Prince of Asturias is for me, necessarily, of service. Of service to Spain, to the Spanish and to our presence in the world.
Jose Hierro was affirming in hiS speech of receipt of the Prize that " after giving them thanks to the Juror, the Foundation and to the men of a land who make possible a beautiful cultural adventure, it becomes necessary to give them thanks to the air. The air, separating already of the slippery area of the metaphor and the allegories, it is called a freedom, the precious freedom of our classic one: the air that we have to breathe all those we create ".
To create, to excel itself, to promote the concord, to foment the solidarity and the spirit of service. And all this, at liberty. This way I can define, in tight synthesis, these first years XXV of existence of the Prizes Prince of Asturias. This it is also the substratum of the illusion with which we approach the present and confront the future.